Bibliography

HAHD_Bibliography
The following studies were referenced in the production of the material on this website:

  1. Burrow R, Batchelor D, Cripps P. Complications observed during and after ovariohysterectomy of 142 bitches at a veterinary teaching hospital. Vet Rec. 2005 Dec 24-31;157(26):829-33.
  2. Pollari FL, Bonnett BN, Bamsey, SC, Meek, AH, Allen, DG (1996) Postoperative complications of elective surgeries in dogs and cats determined by examining electronic and medical records. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 208, 1882-1886
  3. Dorn AS, Swist RA. (1977) Complications of canine ovariohysterectomy. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 13, 720-724
  4. Pollari FL, Bonnett BN. Evaluation of postoperative complications following elective surgeries of dogs and cats at private practices using computer records, Can Vet J. 1996 November; 37(11): 672–678.
  5. Teske E, Naan EC, van Dijk EM, van Garderen E, Schalken JA. Canine prostate carcinoma: epidemiological evidence of an increased risk in castrated dogs. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002 Nov 29;197(1-2)251-5.
  6. Sorenmo KU, Goldschmidt M, Shofer F, Ferrocone J. Immunohistochemical characterization of canine prostatic carcinoma and correlation with castration status and castration time. Vet Comparative Oncology. 2003 Mar; 1 (1): 48
  7. Weaver, AD. Fifteen cases of prostatic carcinoma in the dog. Vet Rec. 1981; 109, 71-75.
  8. Cohen D, Reif JS, Brodey RS, et al: Epidemiological analysis of the most prevalent sites and types of canine neoplasia observed in a veterinary hospital. Cancer Res 34:2859-2868, 1974
  9. Theilen GH, Madewell BR. Tumors of the genital system. Part II. In:Theilen GH, Madewell BR, eds. Veterinary cancer medicine. 2nd ed.Lea and Febinger, 1987:583–600.
  10. Glickman LT, Glickman N, Thorpe R. The Golden Retriever Club of America National Health Survey 1998-1999 http://www.vet.purdue.edu//epi/golden_retriever_final22.pdf
  11. Handbook of Small Animal Practice, 3rd ed
  12. Hayes HM Jr, Pendergrass TW. Canine testicular tumors: epidemiologic features of 410 dogs. Int J Cancer 1976 Oct 15;18(4):482-7
  13. Ru G, Terracini B, Glickman LT. (1998) Host-related risk factors for canine osteosarcoma. Vet J 1998 Jul;156(1):31-9
  14. Cooley DM, Beranek BC, Schlittler DL, Glickman NW, Glickman LT, Waters DJ. Endogenous gonadal hormone exposure and bone sarcoma risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2002 Nov;11(11):1434-40.
  15. Hsu Y, Serpell JA. Development and validation of a questionnaire for measuring behavior and temperament traits in pet dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 2003 Nov 1;223(9):1293-300.
  16. Farhoody P, Zink M C Behavioral and Physical Effects Spaying and Neutering Domestic Dogs (Canis Familiaris) Summary of findings detailed in a Masters thesis submitted to and accepted by Hunter College  May 2010.
  17. Loguercio  C,Federico A, Trappoliere M, Tuccillo C, de Sio I, Di Leva A, Niosi M, D’Auria MV, Capasso R, Del Vecchio Blanco C, Real Sud Group. The Effect of a Silybin-VitaminE-Phospholipid Complex on Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Pilot Study. Dig Dis Sci 2007 Sep;52(9):2387-95. Epub 2007 Apr 5.
  18. L. Michaels,  S. Soucek  “Adenoma of the Middle Ear”  International Agency for Research on Cancer Chapter 7 p.345
  19. Bentley D University Of California – Berkeley. “Popular Supplement Melatonin Found To Have Broader Effects In Brain Than Once Thought.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 February 2005.
  20. Imperial College London. “Body clock receptor linked to diabetes in new genetic study.” ScienceDaily, 29 January 2012.
  21. Brodey RS: Canine and feline neoplasia. Adv Vet Sci Comp Med 14:309-354, 1970
  22. Hayes A, Harvey H J: Treatment of metastatic granulosa cell tumor in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 174:1304-1306, 1979
  23. Norris AM, Laing EJ, Valli VE, Withrow SJ. J Vet Intern Med 1992 May; 6(3):145-53
  24. Prymak C, McKee LJ, Goldschmidt MH, Glickman LT. Epidemiologic, clinical, pathologic, and prognostic characteristics of splenic hemangiosarcoma and splenic hematoma in dogs: 217 cases (1985). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1988 Sep; 193(6):706-12
  25. Ware WA, Hopper, DL. Cardiac Tumors in Dogs: 1982-1995. J Vet Intern Med 1999;13:95–103.
  26. Panciera DL. Hypothyroidism in dogs: 66 cases (1987-1992). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1994 Mar 1;204(5):761-7
  27. Panciera DL. Canine hypothyroidism. Part I. Clinical findings and control of thyroid hormone secretion and metabolism. Compend Contin Pract Vet 1990: 12: 689-701.
  28. Glickman LT, Glickman N, Raghaven M, The Akita Club of America National Health Survey 2000-2001. http://www.vet.purdue.edu/epi/akita_final_2.pdf
  29. Glickman LT, HogenEsch H, Raghavan M, Edinboro C, Scott-Moncrieff C. Final Report to the Hayward Foundation and The Great Dane Health Foundation of a Study Titled Vaccinosis in Great Danes. 1 Jan 2004. http://www.vet.purdue.edu/epi/great_dane_vaccinosis_fullreport_jan04.pdf
  30. Edney AT, Smith PM. Study of obesity in dogs visiting veterinary practices in the United Kingdom. .Vet Rec. 1986 Apr 5;118(14):391-6.
  31. McGreevy PD, Thomson PC, Pride C, Fawcett A, Grassi T, Jones B. Prevalence of obesity in dogs examined by Australian veterinary practices and the risk factors involved. Vet Rec. 2005 May 28;156(22):695-702.
  32. Lund EM, Armstrong PJ, Kirk, CA, Klausner, JS. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Obesity in Adult Dogs from Private US Veterinary Practices. Intern J Appl Res Vet Med • Vol. 4, No. 2, 2006.
  33. Marmor M, Willeberg P, Glickman LT, Priester WA, Cypess RH, Hurvitz AI. Epizootiologic patterns of diabetes mellitus in dogs Am J Vet Res. 1982 Mar;43(3):465-70. ..
  34. Moore GE, Guptill LF, Ward MP, Glickman NW, Faunt KF, Lewis HB, Glickman LT. Adverse events diagnosed within three days of vaccine administration in dogs. JAVMA Vol 227, No 7, Oct 1, 2005
  35. Thrusfield MV, Holt PE, Muirhead RH. Acquired urinary incontinence in bitches: its incidence and relationship to neutering practices.. J Small Anim Pract. 1998. Dec;39(12):559-66.
  36. Stocklin-Gautschi NM, Hassig M, Reichler IM, Hubler M, Arnold S. The relationship of urinary incontinence to early spaying in bitches. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 2001;57:233-6…
  37. Arnold S, Arnold P, Hubler M, Casal M, and Rüsch P. Urinary Incontinence in spayed bitches: prevalence and breed disposition. European Journal of Campanion Animal Practice. 131, 259-263.
  38. Thrusfield MV 1985 Association between urinary incontinence and spaying in bitches Vet Rec 116 695
  39. Richter KP, Ling V. Clinical response and urethral pressure profile changes after phenypropanolamine in dogs with primary sphincter incompetence. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1985: 187: 605-611.
  40. Holt PE. Urinary incontinence in dogs and cats. Vet Rec 1990: 127: 347-350.
  41. Seguin MA, Vaden SL, Altier C, Stone E, Levine JF (2003) Persistent Urinary Tract Infections and Reinfections in 100 Dogs (1989–1999). Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine: Vol. 17, No. 5 pp. 622–631.
  42. Spain CV, Scarlett JM, Houpt KA. Long-term risks and benefits of early-age gonadectomy in dogs. JAVMA 2004;224:380-387.
  43. Verstegen-Onclin K, Verstegen J. Non-reproductive Effects of Spaying and Neutering: Effects on the Urogenital System. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Non-Surgical Contraceptive Methods for Pet Population Control http://www.acc-d.org/2006%20Symposium%20Docs/Session%20I.pdf
  44. Hagman R: New aspects of canine pyometra. Doctoral thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, 2004.
  45. Chastain CB, Panciera D, Waters C: Associations between age, parity, hormonal therapy and breed, and  pyometra in Finnish dogs. Small Anim Endocrinol 1999; 9: 8.
  46. Killingsworth CR, Walshaw R, Dunstan RW, Rosser, EJ. Bacterial population and histologic changes in  dogs with perianal fistula. Am J Vet Res, Vol 49, No. 10, Oct 1988.
  47. Johnston SD, Kamolpatana K, Root-Kustritz MV, Johnston GR, Prostatic disorders in the dog. Anim  Reprod. Sci Jul 2;60-61:405-415. .
  48. Dannuccia GA, Martin RB., Patterson-Buckendahl P Ovariectomy and trabecular bone remodeling in the  dog. Calcif Tissue Int 1986; 40: 194-199.
  49. Martin RB, Butcher RL, Sherwood L,L Buckendahl P, Boyd RD, Farris D, Sharkey N, Dannucci G. Effects  of ovariectomy in beagle dogs. Bone 1987; 8:23-31
  50. Salmeri KR, Bloomberg MS, Scruggs SL, Shille V. Gonadectomy in immature dogs: Effects on skeletal,  physical, and behavioral development, JAVMA, Vol 198, No. 7, April 1991.
  51. Whitehair JG, Vasseur PB, Willits NH. Epidemiology of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in dogs. J Am  Vet Med Assoc. 1993 Oct 1;203(7):1016-9.
  52. Glickman LT, Airedale Terrier Club of America, Airedale Terrier Health Survey 2000-2001  http://www.vet.purdue.edu//epi/Airedale%20final%20report_revised.pdf
  53. van Hagen MA, Ducro BJ, van den Broek J, Knol BW. Incidence, risk factors, and heritability estimates of  hind limb lameness caused by hip dysplasia in a birth cohort of boxers. Am J Vet Res. 2005 Feb;66(2):307- 12.
  54. B. Vidoni, I. Sommerfeld-Stur und E. Eisenmenger: Diagnostic and genetic aspects of patellar luxation in small and miniature breed dogs in Austria. Wien.Tierarztl.Mschr. (2005) 92, p170 – 181
  55. Hart BL. Effect of gonadectomy on subsequent development of age-related cognitive impairment in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2001 Jul 1;219(1):51-6.
  56. Ilana R Reisner, Frances S Shofer, Michael L Nance Behavioral assessment of child-directed canine aggression  Injury Prevention 2007; 13:348–351
  57. Deborah L. Duffy, Ph.D., and James A. Serpell, Ph.D., Center for the Interaction of Animals and Society, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Non-reproductive Effects of Spaying and Neutering on Behavior in Dogs Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Non-Surgical  Contraceptive Methods for Pet Population Control, 2006
  58. V. O’Farrell and E. Peachey  Behavioural effects of ovario-hysterectomy on bitches Small Animal Clinic, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary  Studies, Summerhall, Edinburgh EH9 1QH  Journal of Small Animal Practice (1990) 31, 595-598
  59. Hyeon H. Kim a, Seong C. Yeon a,, Katherine A. Houpt b, Hee C. Lee  Hong H. Chang a, Hyo J. Lee  Institute of Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Republic of Korea  Animal Behaviour Clinic, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University,  Ithaca, NY 14853-6401, USA  Effects of ovariohysterectomy on reactivity in German Shepherd dogs  The Veterinary Journal 172 (2006) 154–159
  60. Torres de la Riva G, Hart BL, Farver TB, Oberbauer AM, Messam LLM, Willits N, et al. (2013) Neutering Dogs: Effects on Joint Disorders and Cancers in Golden Retrievers. PLoS ONE 8(2): e55937. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055937
  61. Hart BL, Hart LA, Thigpen AP, Willits NH (2014) Long-Term Health Effects of Neutering Dogs: Comparison of Labrador Retrievers with Golden Retrievers. PLoS ONE 9(7): e102241. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102241
  62. Hart, B. L., & Eckstein, R. A. (1997). The role of gonadal hormones in the occurrence of objectionable behaviours in dogs and cats. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 52, 331-344
  63. Glyn Elwyn, Dominick Frosch, Richard Thomson, Natalie Joseph-Williams, Amy Lloyd, Paul Kinnersley, Emma Cording, Dave Tomson, Carole Dodd, Stephen Rollnick, Adrian Edwards,Michael Barry. Shared decision making: a model for clinical practice (in press: Journal of General  Internal Medicine, 2012)
  64. Andrea M. DeLuke, Dave A. Allen, Eric R. Wilson, Jayce A. Lineberger, Terry W. Lehenbauer, Michelle Fabiani, and Brian A. Poteet. Comparison of radiographic osteoarthritis scores in dogs less than 24 months or greater than 24 months following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy. Can Vet J. 2012 Oct; 53(10): 1095–1099.
  65. R. Thomas Zoeller, PhD, Endocrine Society Addresses European Commission on Identifying and Assessing Endocrine Disruptors. June 1, 2015
  66. J. Armando Villamil, Carolyn J. Henry, Allen W. Hahn, Jeffrey N. Bryan, Jeff W. Tyler, and Charles W. Caldwell. Hormonal and Sex Impact on the Epidemiology of Canine Lymphoma Journal of Cancer Epidemiology. Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 591753, 7 pages.
  67. Duerr FM1, Duncan CG, Savicky RS, Park RD, Egger EL, Palmer RH. Risk factors for excessive tibial plateau angle in large-breed dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Dec 1;231(11):1688-91
  68. Duval JM, Budsberg SC, Flo GL, Sammarco JL. Breed, sex, and body weight as risk factors for rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament in young dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1999 Sep 15;215(6):811-4
  69. Porter WP, Jaeger JW, Carlson IH. Endocrine, immune, and behavioral effects of aldicarb (carbamate), atrazine (triazine) and nitrate (fertilizer) mixtures at groundwater concentrations. Toxicol Ind Health. 1999 Jan-Mar;15(1-2):133-5
  70. Tyrone B. Hayes, There Is No Denying This: Defusing the Confusion about Atrazine Oxford Journals BioScience Volume 54, Issue 12 Pp. 1138-1149
  71. Jason R. Rohr and Krista A. McCoy A Qualitative Meta-Analysis Reveals Consistent Effects of Atrazine on Freshwater Fish and Amphibians. Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Jan; 118(1): 20–32
  72. Beauvais W1, Cardwell JM, Brodbelt DC. The effect of neutering on the risk of mammary tumours in dogs–a systematic review. J Small Anim Pract. 2012 Jun;53(6):314-22
  73. de Bruin C, Meij BP, Kooistra HS, Hanson JM, Lamberts SW, Hofland LJ Cushing’s disease in dogs and humans. Horm Res. 2009 Jan;71 Suppl 1:140-3
  74. Berns GS, Brooks AM, Spivak M: Functional MRI in awake unrestrained dogs. PLoS One 7(5):e38027, 2012
  75. Oliver JW, Steroid Profiles in the Diagnosis of Canine Adrenal Disorders; Proc of the 20th ACVIM Forum, 2002
  76. Oliver JW, Steroid Profiles in the Diagnosis of Canine Adrenal Disorders; Proc of the 25th ACVIM Forum 471-473, 2007
  77. Frank LA, Rohrbach BW, Bailey EM, West JR, Oliver JW. Steroid hormone concentration profiles in healthy intact and neutered dogs before and after cosyntropin administration. Domest Anim Endocrinol. 2003 Jan;24(1):43-57
  78. Kitty Kit Ting Cheung, Andrea On Yan Luk, Wing Yee So, Ronald Ching Wan Ma, Alice Pik Shan Kong, Francis Chun Chung Chow and Juliana Chung Ngor Chan. Testosterone level in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus and related metabolic effects: A review of current evidence. JDI: 03 Nov 2014
  79. Polderman KH1, Gooren LJ, Asscheman H, Bakker A, Heine RJ. Induction of insulin resistance by androgens and estrogens. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Jul;79(1):265-71
  80. Mayo Clinical Staff; Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): Complications
  81. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism Vol. 84, No. 12
    Copyright © 1999 by The Endocrine Society, Long-Term Consequences of Castration in Men: Lessons from the Skoptzy and the Eunuchs of the Chinese and Ottoman Courts
  82. FindLaw: Chemical and Surgical Castration; http://files.findlaw.com/pdf/criminal/criminal.findlaw.com_criminal-charges_chemical-and-surgical-castration.pdf
  83. Laura J. Sanborn, M.S. Long-Term Health Risks and Benefits Associated with Spay / Neuter in Dogs, May 14, 2007 (Larry S. Katz, PhD Associate Professor and Chair) Animal Sciences Rutgers University
  84. R. Scott Rappold; What Dogs Are Teaching Us About Cancer; WebMD Health News; Oct. 29, 2015; http://www.webmd.com/cancer/news/20151029/dogs-cancer-research
  85. Berns GS, Brooks AM, Spivak M (2012) Functional MRI in Awake Unrestrained Dogs. PLoS ONE 7(5): e38027. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038027
  86. Kumar V, Melatonin: a master hormone and a candidate for universal panacea.PubMed.gov NCBI   Indian J Exp Biol. 1996 May;34(5):391-402.
  87. White CR, Hohenhaus AE, Kelsey J, Procter-Grey E (2011) Cutaneous MCTs: Associations with spay/neuter status, breed, body size, and phylogenetic cluster. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 47: 210–216. doi: 10.5326/jaaha-ms-5621
  88. Teske E, Naan EC, van Dijk E, Van Garderen E, Schalken JA (2002) Canine prostate carcinoma: epidemiological evidence of an increased risk in castrated dogs. Mol Cell Endocrinol 197: 251–255. doi: 10.1016/s0303-7207(02)00261-7
  89. Witsberger TH, Villamil JA, Schultz LG, Hahn AW, Cook JL (2008) Prevalence of, and risk factors for, hip dysplasia and cranial cruciate ligament deficiency in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 232: 1818–1824. doi: 10.2460/javma.232.12.1818
  90. Bamberger M1, Houpt KA. Signalment factors, comorbidity, and trends in behavior diagnoses in dogs: 1,644 cases (1991-2001). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006 Nov 15;229(10):1591-601
  91. Megan J. Morgan, Charles H. Vite, Anant Radhakrishnan, and Rebecka S. Hess, Clinical peripheral neuropathy associated with diabetes mellitus in 3 dogs, Can Vet J. 2008 Jun; 49(6): 583–586
  92. Elizabeth Lund,DVM, MPH, PhD, The Epidemiology of Atopic Dermatitis; Banfield, Data Savant, March/April 2008
  93. Chaker L, Ligthart, Korevaar TIM, et al. OR33-2: Thyroid Function and type 2 diabetes risk: a population-based prospective cohort study. Presented at: ENDO 2016; April 1-4, 2016; Boston, MA
  94. Elizabeth H. Harris, MD Elevated Liver Function Tests in Type 2 Diabetes, Clinical Diabetes-Vol.23;Number 3, 2005
  95. Shota Janjgava,Tamar Zerekidze,Lasha Uchava,Elene Giorgadze and Ketevan Asatiani, Influence of testosterone replacement therapy on metabolic disorders in male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and androgen deficiency. European Journal of Medical Research,2014, 19:56
  96. Plourde PV, Dyroff M Dukes M. Arimidex: a potent and selective fourth-generation aromatase inhibitor. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1994;30(1):103-11.
  97. John Schieszer, MA, Complexities of Cushings Syndrome, Endocrinology Advisor, 2014 Nov. 17 (Excerpts from Presentation of Henry G. Fein ICE/ENDO 2014 June 21-24, 2014; Chicago).
  98. Gonzalez G, Guendulain C, Maffrand C, Gobello C. Comparison of the effect of the aromatase inhibitor, anastrazole, to the antioestrogen, tamoxifen citrate, on canine prostate and semen.Reprod Domest Anim. 2009 Jul;44 Suppl 2:316-9.
  99. Palmer, Clare; Corr, Sandra; Sandøe, Peter (August 2012) Inconvenient Desires: Should We Routinely Neuter Companion Animals?, Anthrozoos;Aug2012 Supplement, Vol. 25, ps153-172.
  100. Samaan NA, Stepanas AV, Danziger J, Trujillo J. Reactive pituitary abnormalities in patients with Klinefelter’s and Turner’s syndromes, Arch Intern Med. 1979 Feb;139(2):198-201.
  101. Mongillo P1, Prana E2, Gabai G2, Bertotto D2, Marinelli Effect of age and sex on plasma cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone concentrations in the dog (Canis familiaris). Res Vet Sci. 2014 Feb;96(1):33-8. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2013.10.010. Epub 2013 Nov 8.
  102. Nelson LR1, Bulun SE. Estrogen production and action. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001 Sep;45(3 Suppl):S116-24.
  103. Dan Xu, Sheng-Xiang Lin Mimicking postmenopausal steroid metabolism in breast cancer cell culture: Differences in response to DHEA or other steroids as hormone sources The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Volume 161, July 2016, Pages 92–100
  104. Glenda E. Gillies, Simon McArthur, Estrogen Actions in the Brain and the Basis for Differential Action in Men and Women: A Case for Sex-Specific Medicines, Pharmacol Rev. 2010 Jun; 62(2): 155–198.
  105. Abdullatif HD1, Ashraf AP., Reversible subclinical hypothyroidism in the presence of adrenal insufficiency. Endocr Pract. 2006 Sep-Oct;12(5):572.
  106. Robert M. Sapolsky, Lewis C. Krey, and Bruce S. McEwen, The neuroendocrinology of stress and aging: the glucocorticoid cascade hypothesis. Sci. Aging Knowl. Environ., 25 September 2002 Vol. 2002, Issue 38, p. cp21.
  107. Jessica M. Hoffman, Kate E. Creevy, Daniel E. L. Promislow. Reproductive Capability Is Associated with Lifespan and Cause of Death in Companion Dogs PLoS ONE April 17, 2013.
  108. Hart, B. L., Hart, L. A., Thigpen, A. P. and Willits, N. H. (2016), Neutering of German Shepherd Dogs: associated joint disorders, cancers and urinary incontinence. Veterinary Medicine and Science. doi: 10.1002/vms3.34
  109. Zink MC1, Farhoody P, Elser SE, Ruffini LD, Gibbons TA, Rieger RH; Evaluation of the risk and age of onset of cancer and behavioral disorders in gonadectomized Vizslas. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2014 Feb 1;244(3):309-19. doi: 10.2460/javma.244.3.309.
  110. Douglas H. Slatter ,Textbook of Small Animal Surgery; Chapter 98 “Ovary and Uterus”.
  111. BART VAN GOETHEM, DVM , AUKE SCHAEFERS-OKKENS, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ECAR , and JOLLE KIRPENSTEIJN, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS & ECVS, Making a Rational Choice Between Ovariectomy and Ovariohysterectomy in the Dog: A Discussion of the Benefits of Either Technique, Veterinary Surgery. 2006, Vol. 35, No. 2, pgs. 136-143.
  112. Milan Hess, DVM, MS, DACT;Colorado Veterinary Specialists & Animal ER Littleton, Colorado; Determining Whether a Dog is Spayed; Clinician’s Brief 2015 Feb.
  113. Rebecca L. Ball, dvm; Stephen J. Birchard, dvm, ms, dacvs; Lauren R. May, vmd; Walter R. Threlfall, dvm, phd, dact; Gregory S. Young, ms; Ovarian remnant syndrome in dogs and cats: 21 cases (2000–2007) JAVMA, Vol 236, No. 5, March 1, 2010.
  114. Keiva M. Gilmore, Kimberly A. Greer, Why is the dog an ideal model for aging research? Exp Gerontol. 2015 Nov;71:14-20.
  115. Parker WH, Broder MS, Chang E, Feskanich D, Farquhar C, Liu Z, Shoupe D, Berek JS, Hankinson S, Manson JE. Ovarian conservation at the time of hysterectomy and long-term health outcomes in the Nurses’ Health Study. Obstet Gynecol. 2009;113:1027–1037.
  116. Cathleen M. Rivera, MD, Brandon R. Grossardt, MS, Deborah J. Rhodes, MD, Robert D. Brown, Jr., MD, MPH, Véronique L. Roger, MD, MPH, L. Joseph Melton, III, MD, MPH, and Walter A. Rocca, MD, MPH, Increased cardiovascular mortality following early bilateral oophorectomy; Menopause. 2009 Jan–Feb; 16(1): 15–23.
  117. David J Waters, Seema S Kengeri, Beth Clever, Julie A Booth, Aimee H Maras, Deborah L Schlittler, and Michael G Hayek; Exploring mechanisms of sex differences in longevity: lifetime ovary exposure and exceptional longevity in dogs, Aging Cell. 2009 Dec; 8(6): 752–755.
  118. Yonker JA, Chang V, Roetker NS, Hauser TS, Hauser RM, Atwood CS. Hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis homeostasis predicts longevity. Age (Dordr) Published online 2011 Dec 4, Age (Dordr). 2013 Feb; 35(1): 129–138.
  119. S. S. Kengeri, A. H. Maras, C. L. Suckow, E. C. Chiang, and D. J. Waters, Exceptional longevity in female Rottweiler dogs is not encumbered by investment in reproduction, Age (Dordr). 2013 Dec; 35(6): 2503–2513.
  120. Sofie A.E. Van Meervennea, Holger A. Volkc, Kaspar Matiasekd, Luc M.L. Van Hamb; The influence of sex hormones on seizures in dogs and humans; The Veterinary Journal, Volume 201, Issue 1, July 2014, Pages 15-20.
  121. 1.Gu Y, Li H, Bao X, et al. The relationship between thyroid function and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in euthyroid subjects [published online December 1, 2016]. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. doi:10.1210/jc.2016-2965.
  122. Alonso-Magdalena P, Quesada I, Nadal A. Endocrine disruptors in the etiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2011;7(6):346–353.
  123. Alonso-Magdalena P, Ropero AB, Soriano S, Quesada I, Nadal A. Bisphenol-A: a new diabetogenic factor? Hormones (Athens) 2010;9(2):118–126.
  124. Schug TT, Janesick A, Blumberg B, Heindel JJ. Endocrine disrupting chemicals and disease susceptibility. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2011 Nov;127(3-5):204-15.
  125. Grun F, Blumberg B. Endocrine disrupters as obesogens. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2009;304(1-2):19–29.
  126. Juliette Legler, Tony Fletcher, Eva Govarts, Miquel Porta, Bruce Blumberg, Jerrold J. Heindel, Leonardo Trasande, Obesity, Diabetes, and Associated Costs of Exposure to Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals in the European Union, J Clin Endocrinol Metab () 100 (4): 1278-1288: 01 April 2015.
  127. Janesick AS, Blumberg B. Endocrine disrupting chemicals and the developmental programming of adipogenesis and obesity. Birth Defects Research (Part C) 2011;91.